A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20:25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at Anathoth (1 Kgs. 2:26–7). Jeremiah (Jer. 1:1) may have been a descendant. Mark 2:26 mistakenly regards Abiathar as already a priest in the time of David's flights from Saul (1 Sam. 21:1–6) instead of his father Ahimelech.

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  • ABIATHAR — (Heb. אֶבְיָתָר; the divine father excels ), son of ahimelech son of Ahitub of the priestly house of Eli of Shiloh (I Sam. 22:20 ff.). Abiathar was one of David s two chief priests. When the priests of the village of Nob were massacred by order… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abiathar — (אביתר, Ebyathar, Evyatar, the [divine] father is pre eminent ), in the Bible, son of Achimelech or Ahijah, priest at Nob, the fourth in descent from Eli. The only one of the priests to escape from Saul s massacre, he fled to David at Keilah,… …   Wikipedia

  • Abiathar — • Hebrew ebhyathar, Father of plenty, or, the great one is father Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abiathar     Abiathar     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abiathar — était un Grand Prêtre des Israélites, fils et successeur d Achimélech. Il s attacha à David, fut persécuté par Saül, et privé du sacerdoce par Salomon, parce qu il favorisait le parti d Adonias. Il est cité dans l évangile de Marc (2,23 28).… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abiathar —    Father of abundance, or my father excels, the son of Ahimelech the high priest. He was the tenth high priest, and the fourth in descent from Eli. When his father was slain with the priests of Nob, he escaped, and bearing with him the ephod, he …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Abiathar — /euh buy euh theuhr/, n. a priest of Israel and a companion of David. I Sam. 22:20; II Sam. 15:24 36. * * * ▪ biblical figure       in the Old Testament, son of Ahimelech, priest of Nob. He was the sole survivor of a massacre carried out by Doeg …   Universalium

  • Abiathar — (fl. 11th 10th cent, BCE)    Israelite, chief priest at Nob. He was loyal to David during Absalom s unsuccessful rebellion. At the end of David s reign he supported Adonijah s claim to become king in opposition to Solomon. Solomon later banished… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abiathar — /euh buy euh theuhr/, n. a priest of Israel and a companion of David. I Sam. 22:20; II Sam. 15:24 36 …   Useful english dictionary

  • ABIATHAR BEN ELIJAH HA-KOHEN — (C. 1040–1110), last of the Palestinian geonim. Abiathar studied under his father ELIJAH B. SOLOMON, president of the Palestinian academy, from 1062 to 1083. A responsum of Elijah addressed to Meshullam b. Moses of Mainz in 1070 was signed also… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abiathar Crescas — was a 15th century Jewish physician and astrologer in the kingdom of Aragon (now part of Spain). He was head astrologer to King John of Aragon, father of King Ferdinand of Aragon. Crescas was a very prominent Jewish figure in Aragon. He could… …   Wikipedia